Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 3,000 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography listed below is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 8 February 2024).

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

Download: CPRD bibliography PDF February 2024 (PDF, 4.2MB, 309 pages) 

Download: CPRD bibliography .BIB February 2024 (BIB, 1.3MB, 1 page)

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website

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Year Sort ascending Title
2024

Predicting incident heart failure from population-based nationwide electronic health records: protocol for a model development and validation study

10.1136/bmjopen-2023-073455

Authors: Y. Nakao, R. Nadarajah, F. Shuweihdi, K. Nakao, A. Fuat, J. Moore, C. Bates, J. Wu, C. Gale

2024

Smoking is a Risk Factor for Autoimmune Hepatitis: An English Registry-Based Case-Control Study

10.2147/clep.s439219

Authors: L. Grønbæk, H. Omeife, L. Ban, C. Crooks, T. Card, P. Jepsen, J. West

2024

Risk of abnormal uterine bleeding associated with high-affinity compared with low-affinity serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors

10.1016/j.jad.2024.01.163

Authors: J. Engler, C. Filliter, F. Montastruc, H. Abenhaim, S. Rej, C. Renoux

2024

Initiation patterns of anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation among older UK adults with and without chronic kidney disease, 2010-2020

10.1136/openhrt-2023-002515

Authors: J. Liaw, D. Liaw, C. Dave

2024

Impact of pregnancy vaccine uptake and socio-demographic determinants on subsequent childhood Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine uptake: A UK birth cohort study

10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.11.063

Authors: H. Skirrow, K. Foley, H. Bedford, C. Lewis, E. Whittaker, C. Costelloe, S. Saxena

2024

Preventive treatment patterns in the adult migraine population: an observational UK study over 7 years

10.1186/s12875-023-02242-y

Authors: D. Kernick, N. Kondori, A. Pain, J. Mount, C. Appel, M. Ranopa, T. Gulati

2024

Incident dementia risk among patients with type 2 diabetes receiving metformin versus alternative oral glucose-lowering therapy: an observational cohort study using UK primary healthcare records

10.1136/bmjdrc-2023-003548

Authors: W. Doran, L. Tunnicliffe, R. Muzambi, C. Rentsch, K. Bhaskaran, L. Smeeth, C. Brayne, D. Williams, N. Chaturvedi, S. Eastwood, S. Dunachie, R. Mathur, C. Warren-Gash

2024

NSAID prescribing and adverse outcomes in common infections: a population-based cohort study

10.1136/bmjopen-2023-077365

Authors: B. Stuart, R. Venekamp, H. Hounkpatin, S. Wilding, M. Moore, P. Little, M. Gulliford

2024

Risk factor associations for severe COVID-19, influenza and pneumonia in people with diabetes to inform future pandemic preparations: UK population-based cohort study

10.1136/bmjopen-2023-078135

Authors: R. Hopkins, K. Young, N. Thomas, J. Godwin, D. Raja, B. Mateen, R. Challen, S. Vollmer, B. Shields, A. McGovern, J. Dennis

2024

Real-world evidence of epidemiology, patient characteristics, and mortality in people with drug-resistant epilepsy in the United Kingdom, 2011-2021

10.1007/s00415-023-12165-4

Authors: R. Shankar, X. Marston, V. Danielson, Do Rego, R. Lasagne, O. Williams, L. Groves

2024

Persons diagnosed with COVID-19 in England in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD): a cohort description

10.1136/bmjopen-2023-073866

Authors: K. Andersen, L. McGrath, M. Reimbaeva, D. Mendes, J. Nguyen, K. Rai, T. Tritton, C. Tsang, D. Malhotra, J. Yang

2024

The effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines to prevent long COVID symptoms: staggered cohort study of data from the UK, Spain, and Estonia

10.1016/s2213-2600(23)00414-9

Authors: M. Català, N. Mercadé-Besora, R. Kolde, N. Trinh, E. Roel, E. Burn, T. Rathod-Mistry, K. Kostka, W . Y. Man, A. Delmestri, H. Nordeng, A. Uusküla, T. Duarte-Salles, D. Prieto-Alhambra, A. Jödicke

2024

Adverse respiratory outcomes amongst patients with resolved asthma: matched retrospective cohort study

10.3399/bjgp.2023.0271

Authors: H. Jones, B. Cumins, R. Cannings-John, H. Ahmed

2024

Risk of fibromyalgia following antibiotic prescriptions: A population-based case-control study

10.1002/ejp.2239

Authors: D. Armstrong, A. Dregan, M. Ashworth, P. White

2024

Eligibility of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for inclusion in randomised control trials investigating triple therapy: a study using routinely collected data

10.1186/s12931-024-02672-x

Authors: H. Whittaker, A. Torkpour, J. Quint

2024

Using an expanded algorithm to estimate prevalence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in U.S. and UK

10.1007/s10072-024-07336-8

Authors: A. Abbasi, H. Fryk, J. Rudnik, R. White, M. Vanderkelen, A. Scowcroft, K. Bonar

2023

Prevalence of co-morbidity and history of recent infection in patients with neuromuscular disease: A cross-sectional analysis of United Kingdom primary care data

10.1371/journal.pone.0282513

Authors: I. Carey, N. Nirmalananthan, T. Harris, S. DeWilde, U. Chaudhry, E. Limb, D. Cook

2023

Healthcare costs associated with short-acting β(2)-agonists in asthma: observational UK SABINA study

10.3399/bjgpo.2023.0015

Authors: D. Attar-Zadeh, T. Capstick, D. Leese, S. Arnetorp, E. Rapsomaniki, K. Da Costa, E. Maslova, Y. Xu, D. Gibson, J. Quint

2023

Proton pump inhibitors and the risk of inflammatory bowel disease: population-based cohort study

10.1136/gutjnl-2022-328866

Authors: D. Abrahami, R. Pradhan, H. Yin, R. Yanofsky, E. McDonald, A. Bitton, L. Azoulay

2023

5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitors and Risk of Kidney and Bladder Cancers in Men with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Population-Based Cohort Study

10.1158/1055-9965.epi-22-1109

Authors: N. Doherty, C. Cardwell, P. Murchie, C. Hill, L. Azoulay, B. Hicks

2023

Maternal and child outcomes for pregnant women with pre-existing multiple long-term conditions: protocol for an observational study in the UK

10.1136/bmjopen-2022-068718

Authors: S. Lee, H. Hope, D. O'Reilly, L. Kent, G. Santorelli, A. Subramanian, N. Moss, A. Azcoaga-Lorenzo, A. Fagbamigbe, C. Nelson-Piercy, C. Yau, C. McCowan, J. Kennedy, K. Phillips, M. Singh, M. Mhereeg, N. Cockburn, P. Brocklehurst, R. Plachcinski, R. Riley, S. Thangaratinam, S. Brophy, S. Sudasinghe, U. Agrawal, Z. Vowles, K. Abel, K. Nirantharakumar, M. Black, K. Eastwood

2023

Variation in laboratory testing for patients with long-term conditions: a longitudinal cohort study in UK primary care

10.3399/bjgpo.2022.0139

Authors: T. Jones, R. Patel, M. Elwenspoek, J. Watson, E. Mann, K. Alsop, P. Whiting

2023

Characterising the burden of chronic kidney disease among people with type 2 diabetes in England: a cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink

10.1136/bmjopen-2022-065927

Authors: S. Cook, N. Schmedt, J. Broughton, P. Kalra, L. Tomlinson, J. Quint

2023

Is Vaccination Against COVID-19 Associated With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Flare? Self-Controlled Case Series Analysis Using the UK CPRD

10.14309/ajg.0000000000002205

Authors: T. Card, G. Nakafero, M. Grainge, C. Mallen, J. Van-Tam, H. Williams, A. Abhishek

2023

Twenty-year trajectories of cardio-metabolic factors among people with type 2 diabetes by dementia status in England: a retrospective cohort study

10.1007/s10654-023-00977-7

Authors: H. Lai, K. Chang, M. Sharabiani, J. Valabhji, E. Gregg, L. Middleton, A. Majeed, J. Pearson-Stuttard, C. Millett, A. Bottle, E. Vamos

2023

Bariatric Surgery and Incident Heart Failure: a Propensity Score Matched Nationwide Cohort Study

10.1016/j.ijcard.2023.01.086

Authors: L. Kostanjsek, M. Ardissino, O. Moussa, B. Rayes, R. Amin, P. Collins, S. Purkayastha

2023

Treatment Patterns, Healthcare Utilization and Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Initiating Single-Inhaler Long-Acting β(2)-Agonist/Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonist Dual Therapy in Primary Care in England

10.2147/copd.s389281

Authors: G. Requena, V. Banks, A. Czira, R. Wood, T. Tritton, R. Wild, C. Compton, A. Ismaila

2023

Combined and progestagen-only hormonal contraceptives and breast cancer risk: A UK nested case-control study and meta-analysis

10.1371/journal.pmed.1004188

Authors: D. Fitzpatrick, K. Pirie, G. Reeves, J. Green, V. Beral

2023

Migraine and risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: A population-based cohort study

10.1177/03331024231161746

Authors: H. Crowe, A. Wesselink, E. Hatch, L. Wise, S. Jick

2023

Determining cardiovascular risk in patients with unattributed chest pain in UK primary care: an electronic health record study

10.1093/eurjpc/zwad055

Authors: K. Jordan, T. Rathod-Mistry, D. van der Windt, J. Bailey, Y. Chen, L. Clarson, S. Denaxas, R. Hayward, H. Hemingway, T. Kyriacou, M. Mamas

2023

Association between outpatient follow-up and incidence of revision after knee and hip replacements: a population-based cohort study

10.1186/s12891-023-06190-7

Authors: R. Pinedo-Villanueva, S. Kolovos, E. Burn, A. Delmestri, L. Smith, A. Judge, S. Kingsbury, M. Stone, P. Conaghan

2023

Socioeconomic gradient in mortality of working age and older adults with multiple long-term conditions in England and Ontario, Canada

10.1186/s12889-023-15370-y

Authors: A. Alarilla, L. Mondor, H. Knight, J. Hughes, A. Koné, W. Wodchis, M. Stafford

2023

Association between body mass index, weight loss and the chance of pregnancy in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and overweight or obesity: a retrospective cohort study in the UK

10.1093/humrep/deac267

Authors: C. Haas, A. Varbo, P. Laursen, V. Schnecke, A. Balen

2023

Referral to the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme and conversion from nondiabetic hyperglycaemia to type 2 diabetes mellitus in England: A matched cohort analysis

10.1371/journal.pmed.1004177

Authors: R. Ravindrarajah, M. Sutton, D. Reeves, S. Cotterill, E. McManus, R. Meacock, W. Whittaker, C. Soiland-Reyes, S. Heller, P. Bower, E. Kontopantelis

2023

Estimating individualized treatment rules in longitudinal studies with covariate-driven observation times

10.1177/09622802231158733

Authors: J. Coulombe, E. Moodie, S. Shortreed, C. Renoux

2023

The association between atopic eczema and lymphopenia: results from a UK cohort study with replication in US survey data

10.1111/jdv.18841

Authors: L. Hollestein, M. Ye, A. Ky-Leigh, H. Forbes, K. Mansfield, K. Abuabara, L. Smeeth, S. Langan

2023

Combinations of medicines in patients with polypharmacy aged 65-100 in primary care: Large variability in risks of adverse drug related and emergency hospital admissions

10.1371/journal.pone.0281466

Authors: A. Fahmi, D. Wong, L. Walker, I. Buchan, M. Pirmohamed, A. Sharma, H. Cant, D. Ashcroft, T. van Staa

2023

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on incidence of tics in children and young people: a population-based cohort study

10.1016/j.eclinm.2023.101857

Authors: R. Jack, R. Joseph, C. Coupland, C. Hall, C. Hollis

2023

Sodium channel-inhibiting drugs and cancer-specific survival: a population-based study of electronic primary care data

10.1136/bmjopen-2022-064376

Authors: C. Fairhurst, F. Martin, I. Watt, M. Bland, T. Doran, W. Brackenbury

2023

Prediction of short-term atrial fibrillation risk using primary care electronic health records

10.1136/heartjnl-2022-322076

Authors: R. Nadarajah, J. Wu, D. Hogg, K. Raveendra, Y. Nakao, K. Nakao, R. Arbel, M. Haim, D. Zahger, J. Parry, C. Bates, C. Cowan, C. Gale

2023

Identifying subtypes of chronic kidney disease with machine learning: development, internal validation and prognostic validation using linked electronic health records in 350,067 individuals

10.1016/j.ebiom.2023.104489

Authors: A. Dashtban, M. Mizani, L. Pasea, S. Denaxas, R. Corbett, J. Mamza, H. Gao, T. Morris, H. Hemingway, A. Banerjee

2023

Analgesic utilization in people with knee osteoarthritis: A population-based study using primary care data

10.1111/papr.13212

Authors: A. Taqi, S. Gran, R. Knaggs

2023

Characterising complex health needs and the use of preventive therapies in the older population: a population-based cohort analysis of UK primary care and hospital linked data

10.1186/s12877-023-03770-z

Authors: L. Elhussein, A. Jödicke, Y. He, A. Delmestri, D. Robinson, V . Y. Strauss, D. Prieto-Alhambra

2023

Burden of Pertussis in Adults Aged 50 Years and Older: A Retrospective Database Study in England

10.1007/s40121-023-00774-5

Authors: L. Harrington, E. Aris, A. Bhavsar, N. Jamet, E. Akpo, J. Simeone, A. Ramond, D. Lambrelli, J. Oppenheimer, Y. Sergerie, P. Mukherjee, K. Meszaros

2023

Osteoporosis-related characteristics in care home population of England: a retrospective cohort study

10.3399/bjgpo.2022.0142

Authors: V. Gerasimaviciute, R. Mathur, K. Mansfield, M. McDermott, D. Neasham, J. O'Kelly

2023

Risk of venous thromboembolism with gout flares

10.1002/art.42480

Authors: E. Cipolletta, L. Tata, G. Nakafero, A. Avery, M. Mamas, A. Abhishek

2023

Prescribing of Low-dose Rivaroxaban in Patients with Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands

10.1111/bcp.15708

Authors: N. Hunt, R. Pajouheshnia, A. Salih, S. van Doorn, P. Souverein, M. Bazelier, O. Klungel, H. Gardarsdottir

2023

A retrospective study of risk factors, causative micro-organisms and healthcare resources consumption associated with prosthetic joint infections (PJI) using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) Aurum database

10.1371/journal.pone.0282709

Authors: S. Perni, B. Bojan, P. Prokopovich

2023

Is vaccination against COVID-19 associated with psoriasis or eczema flare? Self-controlled case series analysis using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (Aurum)

10.1093/bjd/ljac061

Authors: L. Adams, G. Nakafero, M. Grainge, T. Card, C. Mallen, J. Van-Tam, H. Williams, A. Abhishek

2023

Completeness, agreement, and representativeness of ethnicity recording in the United Kingdom's Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) and linked Hospital Episode Statistics (HES)

10.1186/s12963-023-00302-0

Authors: S. Shiekh, M. Harley, R. Ghosh, M. Ashworth, P. Myles, H. Booth, E. Axson